Social Psychology Network

Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University

Susan E. Cross

Susan E. Cross

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  • SPN Mentor

How do people define themselves, and what difference does one’s self-definition make? How does culture shape beliefs and practices regarding self and close relationships? Why is honor so important in some parts of the world? My research program weaves together three central dimensions of human experience -- self and identity, close relationships, and culture -- to address these critical questions about human behavior.

In particular, I have been examining the construct of honor in Turkey and the US (with collaborators Ayse Uskul, Arzu Wasti, and Phia Salter), with a special focus on how honor and non-honor (or dignity) cultures think about and respond to honor-related situations. In other research, I have been investigating Chinese conceptions of close relationships, and how traditional Chinese values, such as filial piety, influence beliefs about and decision-making in relationships. Finally, I continue my interest in self-construal, and have published an extensive review of recent on this topic (Cross, Hardin, & Gercek Swing, 2011).

Primary Interests:

  • Close Relationships
  • Culture and Ethnicity
  • Life Satisfaction, Well-Being
  • Self and Identity
  • Social Cognition

Research Group or Laboratory:

Journal Articles:

  • Cross, S. E., Bacon, P., & Morris, M. (2000). The relational- interdependent self-construal and relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 791-808.
  • Cross, S. E., Gore, J. S., & Morris, M. (2003). The relational self-construal, self-consistency, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 933-944.
  • Cross, S. E., Hardin, E., & Gercek-Swing, B. (2011). The what, how, why, and where of self-construal. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15, 142-179.
  • Cross, S. E., & Madson, L. (1997). Models of the self: Self-construals and gender. Psychological Bulletin, 122, 5-37.
  • Cross, S. E., & Morris, M. (2003). Getting to know you: The relational self-construal, relational cognition, and well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 512-523.
  • Cross, S. E., Morris, M., & Gore, J. (2002). Thinking about oneself and others: The relational-interdependent self-construal and social cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 399-418.
  • Gore, J. S., & Cross, S. E. (2006). Pursuing goals for us: Relationally-autonomous reasons in long-term goal pursuit. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 858-861.
  • Gore, J. S., Cross, S. E., & Kanagawa, C. (2009). Acting in our interests: Relational self-construal and goal motivation across cultures. Motivation and Emotion, 33, 75-87.
  • Gore, J. S., Cross, S. E., & Morris, M. L. (2006). Let’s be friends: The relational self-construal and the development of intimacy. Personal Relationships, 13, 83-102.
  • Gunsoy, C., Cross, S. E., Saribay, A., Olcaysoy-Okten, I., & Kurutas, M. (2015). Would you post that picture and let your dad see it? Culture, honor and Facebook. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 323-335.
  • Uskul, A. K., Cross, S., Alozkan, C., *Gercek-Swing, B., Ataca, B., *Gunsoy, C., & Sunbay, Z. (2014). Emotional responses to honor situations in Turkey and the Northern US. Cognition & Emotion, 28, 1057-1075.
  • Uskul, A. K., Cross, S. E., Sunbay, A., Gercek-Swing, B., & Ataca, B. (2012). Honor bound: The cultural construction of honor in Turkey and the Northern US. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology.
  • Wu, T-F, Yeh, K-H, Cross, S. E., Larson, L. M., Wang, Y-C, & Tsai, Y-L. (2010). Conflict with mothers-in-law and Taiwanese women’s marital satisfaction: The moderating role of husband behavior. The Counseling Psychologist, 38, 497-522.
  • Zhang, M., & Cross, S. E. (2011). Emotions in memories of success and failure: A cultural perspective. Emotion, 11, 866-880.

Other Publications:

  • Cross, S. E., & Gore, J. (2011). Cultural models of the self. In M. Leary & J. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook of Self and Identity (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.

Susan E. Cross
Department of Psychology
W112 Lagomarcino Hall
Iowa State University
Ames, Iowa 50011-3180
United States

  • Phone: (515) 294-3224
  • Fax: (515) 294-6424

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